Related Articles Baseline HBsAg and HBcrAg titres allow peginterferon-based ‘precision medicine’ in HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B patients. J Viral Hepat. 2016 Nov;23(11):905-911 Authors: Martinot-Peignoux M, Lapalus M, Maylin S, Boyer N, Castelnau C, Giuily N, Pouteau M, Moucari R, Asselah T, Marcellin P Abstract Quantitative hepatitis B core-related antigen (qHBcrAg) has been proposed as an additional marker to quantitative HBsAg (qHBsAg), for management of chronic hepatitis B. Evaluate baseline combination of qHBsAg and qHBcrAg for identification of patients that could benefit from pegylated interferon-alpha-2a (PegIFN)-based therapy. Sixty-two HBeAg-negative patients treated with PegIFN or PegIFN plus tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (PegIFN+TDF). HBsAg and HBcrAg titres were evaluated at baseline. Thirty patients received PegIFN and 32 PegIFN+TDF. SR was 10 of 30 and 17 of 32 in PegIFN and PegIFN+TDF patients, respectively. Cut-offs determined by maximized Youden’s index for identifying patients likely to respond to therapy were as follows: 3.141 log10 IU/mL and 3.450 log10 U/mL for HBsAg and HBcrAg, respectively. At the end of 3 years post-treatment follow-up, HBsAg loss was observed in 7 of 30 and 6 of 32 in PegIFN and PegIFN+TDF patients, respectively. The AUC was estimated to be 0.716 (95% CI [0.578, 0.855]) for HBsAg and 0.668 (95% CI [0.524, 0.811]) for HBcrAg (P=.5541). PPVs for AUCs(95%CI) were 0.762(0.590-0.947), 0.714(0.533-1.000) and 0.800(0.611-1.000), and NPVs for AUCs(95%CI) were 0.756(0.660-0.899), 0.718(0.630-0.857) and 0.765(0.675-0.889) for qHBsAg, qHBcrAg and the combination of both markers, respectively. Baseline qHBsAg 3.141 log10 IU/mL and qHBcrAg 3.450 log10 U/mL thresholds used separately or in combination allow prediction of response, prior to PegIFN-based therapy, with a PPV of 80.3% and NPV of 76.5%. Baseline qHBsAg is predictive of HBsAg loss. Both markers could be used, separately or in combination, for PegIFN-based ‘precision therapy’. Our results emphasize that the combination of PegIFN alpha-2a plus TDF with 53% of SR might be an alternative to finite therapy. PMID: 27375231 [PubMed – in process]

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Baseline HBsAg and HBcrAg titres allow peginterferon-based ‘precision medicine’ in HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B patients.